is it called?
does it look like?
is it used?
of Fentanyl (Narcotic)
heroin, China white
of Meperidine (Narcotic)
(New heroin), MPPP, synthetic heroin
of Amphetamines or Methamphetamines (Hallucinogens)
(Ecstasy, XTC, Adam, Essence), MDM, STP, PMA, 2, 5-DMA, TMA, DOM, DOB, EVE
powder, tablets, or capsules
orally, injected, or inhaled
of Phencyclidine (PCP)
orally, injected, or smoked
The term club drugs refers to a wide variety of drugs often used at all-night dance
parties (raves), nightclubs, and concerts. Some names for the wide variety of drugs
1.) Ecstasy, also known as E, X, XTC.
2.) GHB, also known as Liquid Ecstasy, Liquid X, Grievous Bodily Harm, Georgia Home
3.) Ketamine, also known as K, Special K, Ket, Vitamin K, Kit Kat.
Club drugs can damage the neurons in your brain, impairing your senses, memory, judgment,
4.) Rohypnol, also known as Roofies, R-2.
The most widely used club drugs
Also known as MDMA (methylenedioxymethamphetamine), Ecstasy is a stimulant that combines
the effects of amphetamines and hallucinogens.
Known as the date rape drug, Rohypnol is a central nervous system depressant
that produces sedative-hypnotic effects, muscle relaxation, and amnesia.
3.) Ketamine. A
rapid-acting general anesthetic, ketamine produces a wide range of feelings, from
weightlessness to out-of-body or near-death experiences.
4.) GHB (gamma hydroxybutyrate). Originally available over the counter in
health food stores to aid body builders, GHB and other synthetic steroids are also used
for their euphoric effects.
5.) LSD (lysergic acid
diethylamide). This hallucinogen produces unpredictable effects, depending on the
amount taken, the surroundings in which the drug is used, and the users personality,
mood, and expectations.
Research has shown that club drugs can have long-lasting negative effects on the brain,
especially on memory function and motor skills. When club drugs are combined with alcohol,
the effect is intensified, and they become even more dangerous and potentially fatal.
Different club drugs
have different effects on your body. Some common effects include loss of muscle and motor
control, blurred vision, and seizures. Club drugs like ecstasy are stimulants that
increase your heart rate and blood pressure and can lead to heart or kidney failure. Other
club drugs, like GHB, are depressants that can cause drowsiness, unconsciousness, or
Club drugs like GHB
and Rohypnol are used in date rape and other assaults because they are sedatives
that can make you unconscious and immobilize you. Rohypnol can cause a kind of
amnesiausers may not remember what they said or did while under the effects of the
drug, making it easier for others to take advantage of them.
Because club drugs are
illegal and often produced in makeshift laboratories, its impossible to know exactly
what chemicals were used to produce them and where they came from. How strong or dangerous
any illegal drug is varies each time. Higher doses of club drugs can cause severe
breathing problems, coma, or even death.
How club drugs affect you.
1.) Club drugs affect
2.) Club drugs affect your body.
3.) Club drugs affect your self-control.
4.) Club drugs can kill you.
How can you tell if a friend is using club drugs? Sometimes its tough to tell. But
there are signs you can look for. If your friend has one or more of the following warning
signs, he or she may be using club drugs:
Possible signs that a friend or loved is consuming club drugs.
remembering things they recently said or did
2.) Loss of coordination, dizziness, fainting
5.) Sleep problems
6.) Chills or sweating
7.) Slurred speech
What you should know about club drugs.
1.) Know the law.
It is illegal to buy or sell club drugs. It is also a federal crime to use any controlled
substance to aid in a sexual assault.
2.) Get the facts. Despite what you may have heard, club drugs can be addictive.
3.) Stay informed. The club drug scene is constantly changing. New drugs and new
variations of drugs appear all of the time.
4.) Know the risks. Mixing club drugs together or with alcohol is extremely
dangerous. The effects of one drug can magnify the effects and risks of another. In fact,
mixing substances can be lethal.
5.) Look around you. The vast majority of teens are not using club drugs. While
ecstasy is considered to be the most frequently used club drug, less than 2 percent of 8th
12th graders use it on a regular basis. In fact, 94 percent of teens have never
even tried ecstasy.
Questions About Club Drugs
Q. If you were
in a club and somebody slipped a club drug into your drink, wouldnt you realize it
A. Probably not. Most club drugs are odorless and tasteless. Some are made into a
powder form that makes it easier to slip into a drink and dissolve without a persons
knowledge. That is why some of these drugs have been called date rape
drugsbecause there have been increasing reports of club drugs being used in sexual
Q. Are there
any long-term effects of taking ecstasy?
A. Yes. Studies on both humans and animals have proven that regular use of ecstasy
produces long-lasting, perhaps permanent damage to the brains ability to think and
Q. If you took
a club drug at a rave, wouldnt you just dance off all of its effects?
A. Not necessarily. The stimulant effects of drugs like ecstasy that allow the user
to dance for long periods of time, combined with the hot, crowded conditions usually found
at raves, can lead to extreme dehydration and even heart or kidney failure. In addition,
some of ecstasys effects, like confusion, depression, anxiety, paranoia, and sleep
problems, have been reported to occur even weeks after the drug is taken.
prevention efforts that target young people, prevention managers must design strategies to
counter the increasing use and widespread availability of the club drug Ecstasy. Known as
the party drug, Ecstasy is both a stimulant and a hallucinogen, and its
effects are potentially life-threatening.
Because it is
inexpensive and easily accessible, Ecstasy is gaining in popularity. As reported in the
Monitoring the Future Study (National Institute on Drug Abuse [NIDA] 1999), 3.6 percent of
12th graders, 3.3 percent of 10th graders, and 1.8 percent of 8th graders said they had
used the drug in 1998. From 1991 through 1998, use by college students increased from 0.9
percent to 2.4 percent and by adults, from 0.8 percent to 2.1 percent (NIDA, Facts About
Ecstasy is the street
name for methylene-dioxymethamphetamine (MDMA), a chemical substance that combines
methamphetamines with hallucinogenic properties. It is also known as X-TC, Adam, Clarity,
and Lovers Speed.
Like all club drugs,
Ecstasy is a combination of other illicit drugs. Because many different recipes are used
to make Ecstasy, the risk of death and permanent brain damage are heightened when some
substances are combined. It is available in tablet, capsule, or powder form; some
manufacturers of the drug package it in capsules or generic tablets to imitate
prescription drugs. The average cost is between $7 and $30 per pill.
Among the variations
of the drug is a new substance, Herbal Ecstasy, that is composed of ephedrine (ma huang)
or pseudoephedrine and caffeine from the kola nut. Sold in tablet form, this drug may
cause permanent brain damage and death (NIDA, Club Drugs: Just the Facts,
What Side Effects
Are Produced by Ecstasy?
can last up to 24 hours. The drug produces immediate side effects, and somesuch as
confusion, depression, sleep problems, anxiety, and paranoiacan occur weeks after it
is taken (NIDA, Community Drug Alert Bulletin on Club Drugs, 2000).
Because Ecstasy alters
serotonin levels in the brain, researchers have found that chronic use can lead to
long-term or permanent damage to those parts of the brain critical to thought, memory, and
pleasure (NIDA, Facts About MDMA, 2000).
are confusion, depression, sleep problems, severe anxiety and paranoia, euphoria, enhanced
mental and emotional clarity, hallucinations, sensations of lightness and floating,
depression, paranoid thinking, and violent, irrational behavior.
Physical effects are
muscle tension, involuntary teeth clenching, nausea, blurred vision, faintness,
chills/sweating, dehydration, hypertension, loss of control over voluntary body movements,
tremors, reduced appetite, kidney failure, heart attack, stroke, seizure, and malignant
hyperthermia (increase in body temperature).
Club Drugs: GHB, an
Anabolic steroids, one
type of club drugs being used by young people, are gaining in popularity because of their
euphoric, sedative, and bodybuilding effects. Despite research that has shown a decrease
in most drug useincluding crack cocaine, crystal methamphetamine, and cigarette
smokingthe 1999 Monitoring the Future survey found a significant increase in the use
of anabolic steroids among 8th and 10th graders, primarily boys (NIDA, Monitoring the
Anabolic steroids are
synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, which promotes skeletal muscle
growth. The most popular anabolic steroid among young people is GHB
(gamma-hydroxybutyrate). GHB used to be widely available for medical purposes. The illicit
use of GHB rose to such levels that the 106th Congress called the drug an imminent
hazard to the public safety. Congress amended the Controlled Substances Act in
January 2000 to a national awareness campaign, led by the U.S. Department of Health and
Human Services and the attorney general, targeting GHBs use and effects. (NCADI,
What Is GHB?
GHB is a central
nervous system depressant once used by many bodybuilders and athletes. In the 1980s, GHB
was widely available over the counter in health food stores, and bodybuilders used it to
lose fat and build muscle. GHB has been given nicknames such as Grievous Bodily Harm, G,
Liquid Ecstasy, and Georgia Home Boy.
In 1990, the Food and
Drug Administration banned the use of GHB except under the supervision of a physician
because of reports of severe side effects, including euphoric and sedative effects similar
to the effects experienced after taking Rohypnol (the date rape drug.) GHB
also has been associated with sexual assaults in cities throughout the United States
(NIDA, Infofax.) Despite the ban on use, GHB is created in clandestine laboratories,
in a variety of forms, including clear liquid, white powder and tablet. Increasing use
rates are being reported. In 1998, the Denver Poison Control Center received 33 calls
involving GHB, and almost half of these cases were considered life-threatening. (NIDA
Infofax-Club Drugs, 2000.) Because it clears from the body relatively quickly, it is often
difficult to detect when patients go to emergency rooms and other treatment facilities.
What Are the Side
Effects of GHB?
Like most steroids,
GHB can cause high blood pressure, wide mood swings, liver tumors, and violent behavior.
The drugs effects typically last up to 4 hours, depending on the dosage. At lower
doses, it can relieve anxiety and promote relaxation; at higher doses, the sedative
effects may result in sleep, coma, or death. Other side effects include sweating,
headache, decreased heart rate, nausea, vomiting, impaired breathing, loss of reflexes,
The use of Ketamine,
one of the more popular club drugs, is increasing among teenagers and young adults
throughout the United States. Because of its anesthetic properties, Ketamine is considered
to be one of the date rape drugs, substances that can be slipped into a
persons drink to render him or her unconscious.
The 1997 Monitoring
the Future Study found that increased Ketamine use has been reported in many cities,
including Miami, New York, Baltimore, New Orleans, and Detroit (NIDA, 2000). In the spring
of 1997, Congress classified Ketamine as a drug with a high abuse potential and the
possibility of creating severe physical or psychological dependence (NCADI, 2000).
What Is Ketamine?
hydrochloride) is a central nervous system depressant that produces a rapid-acting
dissociative effect. It was developed in the 1970s as a medical anesthetic for both humans
and animals. Ketamine is often mistaken for cocaine or crystal methamphetamine because of
a similarity in appearance (NCADI, 2000).
Also known as K,
Special K, Vitamin K, Kit Kat, Keller, Super Acid, and Super C, Ketamine is available in
tablet, powder, and liquid form. So powerful is the drug that, when injected, there is a
risk of losing motor control before the injection is completed. In powder form, the drug
can be snorted or sprinkled on tobacco or marijuana and smoked (Partnership for a
Drug-Free America, 2000). The effects of Ketamine last from 1 to 6 hours, and it is
usually 2448 hours before the user feels completely normal again.
What Are the Side
Effects of Ketamine?
are produced quickly by low doses (25100 mg) of Ketamine. Higher doses
(1 gram or more) can cause convulsions and death (NCADI, 2000). As with most anesthetics,
eating or drinking before taking Ketamine can produce vomiting. Other reported side
slurred speech, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, lack of coordination,
muscle rigidity, bronchodilation, respiratory distress, paralysis, increased cardiac
output (leading to risk of heart attack or stroke), coma, and death.
hallucinations, dreamlike states, feelings of invulnerability, psychological near-death
experiences, paranoia, and aggressive behavior.
Rohypnol, one of the
most popular club drugs used by todays youth, is gaining widespread attention
because of its sedative-hypnotic effects. The term, club drugs, refers to a
wide variety of potentially dangerous substances being used by young people at college
campus fraternities, dance clubs, bars, and all-night dance parties. Known as the
"date rape" drug, Rohypnol can incapacitate a victim and prevent her or him from
resisting sexual assault. Parents, community leaders, and prevention managers must be
aware of the impact of this drug not only on users but also on victims, who may ingest the
Although it is
prescribed in England and 26 other countries for treatment of insomnia and presurgical
sedation, the use of Rohypnol is illegal in the United States. A report by the Community
Epidemiology Work Group of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) (NIDA, 1995) found
that the use of Rohypnol was increasing in the United States among high school and college
What Is Rohypnol?
Rohypnol, the trade
name for flunitrazepam, is a member of the benzodiazepine family, which includes Valium,
Halcyon, Xanax, and Versed. These drugs are known for their sedative effects. On the
street, Rohypnol is called roofies, rophies, roche, and the forget-me pill.
Manufactured in tablet
form, Rohypnol can be easily crushed and dissolved in liquid. It is tasteless and
odorless, and can thus be slipped into people's drinks without their knowledge. A single
dose of Rohypnol, as small as 1 mg., can produce effects for 8-12 hours after
Some young people use
Rohypnol to enhance the highs produced by heroin, as well as to ease the negative effects
of a crack or cocaine binge. Similar to using alcohol, many young adults may drive while
under the influence of rohypnol. These users may not only be endangering their
livesand the lives of othersbut they may also avoid drunk driving
charges since the drugs presence cannot be detected by routine benzodiazepine
What Are the Side
Effects of Rohypnol?
Among the immediate
effects of taking Rohypnol are feelings of intoxication, muscle relaxation, and
drowsiness. Users under the influence may exhibit slurred speech, impaired judgment, and
difficulty in walking. The drug causes anterograde amnesia, whereby
individuals are unable to remember events they experienced while under its effects.
Other adverse effects
of Rohypnol include respiratory distress, blackouts that can last up to 24 hours,
decreased blood pressure, hallucinations, dizziness, confusion, gastrointestinal
disturbances, urinary retention, headaches, and muscle pain. Some users may display
Rohypnol can produce
physical and psychological dependence. As a result, chronic users can experience
withdrawal effects and seizures. When used in combination with alcohol and other
depressants, Rohypnol can be fatal.
chemical dependency as well as its toxic impact on family members. Raise your
children to choose to be alcohol and other drugs
free. Learn how
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