is it called?
does it look like?
is it used?
gas or Whippets
8-gram metal cylinder sold with a balloon or pipe propellant for whipped cream in aerosol
yellowish liquid in ampules
Bolt, Bullet, Locker Room, and Climax
sprays or cleaning fluids
of aerosol propellants, gasoline, glue, paint thinner
Inhalants are volatile
substances that produce chemical vapors that can be inhaled to induce a psychoactive, or
mind-altering, effect. Although other abused substances can be inhaled, the term inhalants
is used to describe a variety of substances whose main common characteristic is that they
are rarely, if ever, taken by any route other than inhalation. This definition encompasses
a broad range of chemicals found in hundreds of different products that may have different
pharmacological effects. As a result, precise categorization of inhalants is difficult.
One classification system lists four general categories of inhalants: 1.) Volatile
Solvents, 2.) Aerosol, 3.) Gases, and 4.) Nitrites-based on the form in which they are
often found in household, industrial, and medical products.
are liquids that vaporize at room temperatures. They are found in a multitude of
inexpensive, easily available products used for common household and industrial purposes.
These include paint thinners and removers, dry-cleaning fluids, degreasers, gasoline,
glues, correction fluids, and felt-tip marker fluids.
sprays that contain propellants and solvents. They include spray paints, deodorant and
hair sprays, vegetable oil sprays for cooking, and fabric protector sprays.
medical anesthetics as well as gases used in household or commercial products. Medical
anesthetic gases include ether, chloroform, halothane, and nitrous oxide, commonly called laughing
gas. Nitrous oxide is the most abused of these gases and can be found in whipped cream
dispensers and products that boost octane levels in racing cars. Household or commercial
products containing gases include butane lighters, propane tanks, whipped cream
dispensers, and refrigerants.
are considered a special class of inhalants. Unlike most other inhalants, which act
directly on the central nervous system (CNS), nitrites act primarily to dilate blood
vessels and relax the muscles. And while other inhalants are used to alter mood, nitrites
are used primarily as sexual enhancers. Nitrites include cyclohexyl nitrite, isoamyl
(amyl) nitrite, and isobutyl (butyl) nitrite. Cyclohexyl nitrite is found in room
odorizers. Amyl nitrite is used in certain diagnostic procedures and is prescribed to some
patients for heart pain. Illegally diverted ampules of amyl nitrite are called poppers
or snappers on the street. Butyl nitrite is an illegal substance that is often
packaged and sold in small bottles also referred to as poppers.
None of these are safe
to inhalethey all can kill you. Inhalants are sniffed or huffed to
give the user an immediate head rush or high. Inhalant use can cause a number of physical
and emotional problems, and even one-time use can result in death.
affect your brain with much greater speed and force than many other substances, they can
cause irreversible physical and mental damage before you know whats happened. The
immediate negative effects of inhalants include nausea, sneezing, coughing, nosebleeds,
fatigue, lack of coordination, and loss of appetite. Deeply inhaling the vapors, or using
large amounts over a short time, may result in disorientation, violent behavior,
unconsciousness, or death. High concentrations of inhalants can cause suffocation by
displacing the oxygen in the lungs or by depressing the central nervous system to the
point that breathing stops.
Solvents and aerosol
sprays also decrease the heart and respiratory rates and impair judgment. Amyl and butyl
nitrite cause rapid pulse, headaches, and involuntary passing of urine and feces.
Long-term use may result in.
Long-term use can
cause weight loss, fatigue, electrolyte imbalance, muscle fatigue, hepatitis, or brain
damage. Repeated sniffing of concentrated vapors over time can permanently damage the
Inhalants starve the
body of oxygen and force the heart to beat irregularly and more rapidlythat can be
dangerous for your body.
People who use
inhalants can lose their sense of smell, experience nausea, nosebleeds, and develop liver,
lung, and kidney problems. Chronic use can lead to muscle wasting and reduced muscle tone
How inhalants affect you.
1.) Inhalants affect
2.) Inhalants affect your heart.
3.) Inhalants can cause sudden death.
4.) Inhalants damage other parts of your body.
5.) Inhalants can kill you instantly.
Short-term affects of inhalants.
1.) Heart palpitations
2.) Breathing difficulty
Risks associate with consuming inhalants even one time.
1.) Sudden death
3.) Visual hallucinations and severe mood swings
4.) Numbness and tingling of the hands and feet
Risks associate with prolonged consumption of inhalants.
1.) Headache, muscle
weakness, abdominal pain
2.) Decrease or loss of sense of smell
3.) Nausea and nosebleeds
5.) Violent behaviors
6.) Irregular heartbeat
7.) Liver, lung, and kidney impairment
8.) Irreversible brain damage
9.) Nervous system damage
10.) Dangerous chemical imbalances in the body
11.) Involuntary passing of urine and feces
Death from consumption of inhalants can occur in at least five ways.
Asphyxiasolvent gases can significantly limit available oxygen in the air, causing
breathing to stop
2.) Suffocationtypically seen with inhalant users who use bags
3.) Choking on vomit
4.) Careless behaviors in potentially dangerous settings
5.) Sudden sniffing death syndrome, presumably from cardiac arrest
Possible signs that a friend or a loved one is consuming inhalants..
1.) Slurred speech
2.) Drunk, dizzy, or dazed appearance
3.) Unusual breath odor
4.) Chemical smell on clothing
5.) Paint stains on body or face
6.) Red eyes
7.) Runny nose
What you should know about inhalants.
1.) Get the facts.
Inhalants can kill you the very first time you use them.
2.) Be aware.
Chemicals like amyl nitrate and isobutyl nitrate ("poppers"), and nitrous oxide
("whippets") are often sold at concerts and dance clubs. They can permanently
damage your body and brain.
3.) Know the risks.
Chronic inhalant abusers may permanently lose the ability to perform everyday functions
like walking, talking, and thinking.
4.) Look around
you. The vast majority of teens aren't using inhalants. According to a 1998 study,
only 1.1 percent of teens are regular inhalant users and 94 percent of teens have never
even tried inhalants.
Frequently Asked Questions About Inhalants
Q. Since inhalants are
found in household products, aren't they safe?
A. No. Even though household products like glue and air freshener have legal, useful
purposes, when they are used as inhalants they are harmful and dangerous. These products
are not intended to be inhaled.
Q. Doesn't it take
many "huffs" before you're in danger?
A. No. One "huff" of an inhalant can kill you. Or the 10th. Or the 100th. Every
huff can be dangerous. Even if you have huffed before without experiencing a problem,
there's no way of knowing how the next huff will affect you.
Q. Can inhalants make
me lose control?
A. Yes. Inhalants affect your brain and can cause you to suddenly engage in violent, or
even deadly, behavior. You could hurt yourself or the people you love.
chemical dependency as well as its toxic impact on family members. Raise your
children to choose to be alcohol and other drugs
free. Learn how
to in Dr. Frischs, Psy.D. Recovery book seriesFrom Insanity to Serenity.